Sandra Kay Tice created Thought Process Optimization (TPO) -- a faster and more effect way to learn. The TPO methodology is a formal process for capturing and disseminating expert reasoning strategies. This process enables teams of novices and non-experts to acquire expert reasoning strategies in hours or days. This enables them to perform like experts. Ms. Tice is a visionary with over forty years of experience in cognitive and information science. She is a former Reliability Engineer for NASA's Saturn Rocket Project. There she worked on the reliability models and trajectory systems that enable shuttles to hit the target "window" in space. These systems were portrayed in the movie Apollo 13.
She is an expert in the integration of human and computer information theory. In addition, she also captures and disseminates the reasoning thought processes used by working memory -- the mind's system that underlies the human thought processes used to generate automatic and analytical thinking, learning and expert performance. She has captured the reasoning strategies of experts in a number of industries and professions. This includes CEO's, CFO's, physicians, engineers, strategic planners, economists, marketers, underwrites and sales people. Currently, her efforts are focused on capturing and disseminating the medical reasoning strategies of expert physicians.
Ms. Tice's primary interest in Thought Process Optimization which is used to shorten learning curves. This provides a network that minimizes silo thinking, the thinking that is not shared with other professionals. Through metacognition - a professionals ability to understand the change their thought processes - it empowers the professionals to constantly improve their reasoning strategies. This enables continuous learning among colleagues and to make it possible for professionals to use the expert reasoning of many when making a decision. She directed the design and development of multiple generations of the Intellectual Capital Repository (ICR), a software application for sharing global reasoning and accelerated learning. She also created the One-Term One-Meaning process and designed the intelligent agents needed to identify terms and enforce standardization of terms and meanings throughout an organization.
She pioneered artificial intelligence, decision support/business intelligence and data warehousing. She developed a health care decision support product that was marketed to hospitals throughout the United States and received international recognition for developing the first artificial code generator. She has consulted with health care organizations, as well as companies such as: Baxter, Pfizer, Motorola, Con Agra, Unilever, Wrigley, Sara Lee, NutraSweet, SC Johnson, Whirlpool, Sears, and JP Morgan Chase.
Ms. Tice has a degree in mathematics from Tulane University and studied at Loyola University of New Orleans. At the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, she assisted with course curriculum, lectured, and conducted research on reasoning strategies with Dr. Robert Ashenhurst who published their joint findings in Minds and Machine: The Journal for Artificial Intelligence, Philosophy, and Cognitive Science. She was responsible for identifying the four types of reasoning thought processes that people use in performing their jobs: Conditions, Restrictions, Assumptions, and Intentions.
Papers & Articles authored: Reducing Cognitive Errors by Capturing and Disseminating Expert Reasoning, peer reviewed and published by Society for Diagnostic Errors in Medicine; Faster and More Accurate Diagnoses: The Three Second Clinical Exam, Working Memory -- Leveraging the Most Valuable Resource in Medicine; The Thought Process Optimization Workshop; How to Create a Smart, Nimble and Quick Corporation, a white paper for Tuck Graduate School of Business that was used to teach and the transformation of management and decision-making processes to MBA students; Business Process Support: Data Warehouses that Reinvent the Business Environment, FID News Bulletin (published in over 60 countries); and The Quest for Consistency; published in Darwin, which was CIO Magazine's sister publication for business executives.